The Lingual Structure of Reality Critical Investigation of Ricard Rorty’s View

Document Type : Original Article


Researcher in Academy of Philosophy and Theology, Research Center of Islamic Sciences and Culture, Qom, Iran.


The contemporary world observes an increasing leaning from the thinkers in various intellectual and cultural spheres towards an approach to reality, interpreting reality as something in relationship to human beings and his goals and purposes, not independent of them. Richard Rorty is among the adherents of such a thought. The present article uses an analytical-critical method to show how Rorty has defended this view and to evaluate his view. According to the present study, it is clarified that Rorty adduces the features he considers for language to negate the possibility of accessing pure and naked reality; thus, he considers the available reality as made by ourselves in cooperation with others, which has a quite lingual structure. In my view, however, despite the fact that believing in lingual structure of reality places us in a better situation for defending concepts such as activity, freedom, self-consciousness, ownership, thinking and genuine life, Rorty’s emphasis on solidarity, instead of objectivity and truth, entails a dominion of culture over the rational sciences. Consequently, we observe a leaning towards the principality of ‘will’ (including both individual and social) according to which, philosophy turns into something a posteriori and relied on will.


  1. Asghari, M. (1394 SH). Mafhūm Isti‘āra dar Andīshayi Richard Rorty dar Bāb Zabān (3). In:Majmū‘a Maqālāt Falsafī, Taḥlīlī wa Adabī Siwwumīn Hamāyish Zabān, 9-22.
  2. Brandon, Robert (ed). (2000). Rorty and his Critics, Blackwell Publishers.
  3. Musa-zada, ‘I, Asghari, M., and ‘Abdullah-nejad, M. R. (1400 SH). “Sākhtār Zabānī Wāqi‘iyyat dar Andīshayi Richard Rorty” in Scientific-Research Periodical of Philosophical-Theological Researches, 23(90), pp. 103-120.
  4. Nowzar, H. (1380 SH). Pust-Mudirnīta wa Pust-Mudirnī Tehran: Naqsh Jahān Publications.
  5. Richard Rorty. (1982). Consequences of Pragmatism, University of Minnesota Press. Minneapolis.
  6. Richard Rorty. (1991b). Objectivity, Relativism, and Truth: Philosophical Papers, 1(1), Cambridge University Press.
  7. Richard, Rorty. (2003). Edited by Charles Guignon and David R.Hiley , Cambridge University Press.
  8. Rorty, R. (1989). Contingency, irony, and Solidarity (Trans. Yazdanjoo, P.). Tehran: Markaz Publications.
  9. Rorty, R. (1990). Philosophy and Social Hope (Trans. Azarang, A.). Tehran: Ney Publications.
  10. Rorty, Richard. (1991a). Essays On Heidegger and Others: Philosophical Papers, Volume 2 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  11. Rorty, Richard. (1998). Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity , Cambridge University Press.
  12. Rorty, Richard. (2003). Out of the Matrix: How the late philosopher Donald Davidson showed that reality can't be an illusion, accessible on
  13. Steven Best and Douglas Kellner, Richard Rorty and Postmodern Theory,